BANGKO SENTRAL RULES OF PROCEDURE ON ADMINISTRATIVE CASES INVOLVING DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS OF BANKS
(Appendix to Sec. 138 on Rules of Procedures on Administrative Cases Involving Directors and Officers of the Bank)
RULE I – GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section 1. Title. These rules shall be known as the Bangko Sentral Rules of Procedure on Administrative Cases Involving Directors and Officers of Banks.
Sec. 2. Applicability. These rules shall apply to administrative cases filed with or referred to the Office of Special Investigation (OSI), Bangko Sentral, involving directors and officers of banks pursuant to Section 37 of Republic Act No. 7653 (The New Central Bank Act) and Sections 16 and 66 of Republic Act No. 8791 (The General Banking Law of 2000).
Sec. 3. Nature of proceedings. The proceedings under these rules shall be summary in nature and shall be conducted without necessarily adhering to the technical rules of procedure and evidence applicable to judicial trials. Proceedings under these rules shall be confidential and shall not be subject to disclosure to third parties, except as may be provided under existing laws.
RULE II – COMPLAINT
Sec. 1. Complaint. The complaint shall be in writing and subscribed and sworn to by the complainant. However, in cases initiated by the appropriate department of the Bangko Sentral, the complaint need not be under oath. No anonymous complaint shall be entertained.
Sec. 2. Where to file. The complaint shall be filed with or referred to the OSI.
Sec. 3. Contents of the complaint. The complaint shall contain the ultimate facts of the case and shall include:
a. full name and address of the complaint;
b. full name and address of the person complained of;
c. specification of the charges;
d. statement of the material facts;
e. statement as to whether or not a similar complaint has been filed with the Bangko Sentral or any other public office.
RULE III – DETERMINATION OF PRIMA FACIE CASE AND PROSECUTION OF THE CASE
Sec. 1. Action on complaint. Upon determination that the complaint is sufficient in form and substance, the OSI shall furnish the respondent with a copy thereof and require respondent to file within ten (10) days from receipt thereof, a sworn answer, together with copies of documents and affidavits of witnesses, if any, copy furnished the complainant.
Sec. 2. Preliminary investigation. Upon receipt of the sworn answer of the respondent, the OSI shall determine whether there is a prima facie case against the respondent. If a prima facie is established during the preliminary investigation, the OSI shall file the formal charge with the Supervised Banks Complaints Evaluation Group (SBCEG), Bangko Sentral. However, in the absence of a prima facie case, the OSI shall dismiss the complaint without prejudice or take appropriate action as may be warranted.
Sec. 3. Formal charge. The formal charge shall contain the name of the respondent, a brief statement of material or relevant facts, the specific charge, and the pertinent provisions of banking laws, rules or regulations violated.
Sec. 4. Prosecution. The OSI shall prosecute the case. The complainant may be assisted or represented by counsel, who may be deputized for such purpose, under the direction and control of the OSI.
RULE IV – PROCEEDING BEFORE THE HEARING PANEL OR HEARING OFFICER
Sec. 1. Filing of the formal charge. The OSI shall file the formal charge before the SBCEG. It shall also furnish the SBCEG with supporting documents relevant to the formal charge.
Sec. 2. Hearing officer and composition of the hearing panel. The case shall be heard either by a hearing officer or a hearing panel, which shall be composed of a chairman and two (2) members, all of whom shall be designated by the SBCEG. The SBCEG shall determine whether the case shall be heard either by a hearing panel or a hearing officer.
Sec. 3. Answer. The hearing panel or hearing officer shall furnish the respondent with a copy of the formal charge, with supporting documents relevant thereto, and shall require him to submit, within ten (10) days from receipt thereof, a sworn answer, copy of which shall be furnished the prosecution.
Sec. 4. Waiver. In the event that the respondent, despite due notice, fails to submit an answer within the prescribed period, he shall be deemed to have waived his right to present evidence. The hearing panel or hearing officer shall issue an order to that effect and direct the prosecution to present evidence ex parte. Thereafter, the hearing panel or hearing officer shall submit a report on the basis of available evidence.
Sec. 5. Preliminary conference. Upon receipt of the answer of respondent, the hearing panel or hearing officer shall set the case for preliminary conference for the parties to consider and agree on the admission or stipulation of facts and of documents, simplification of issues, identification and marking of evidence and such other matters as may aid in the prompt and just resolution of the case. Any evidence not presented and identified during the preliminary conference shall not be admitted in subsequent proceedings.
Sec. 6. Submission of position papers. After the preliminary conference, the hearing panel or hearing officer shall issue an order stating therein the matters taken up, admissions made by the parties and issues for resolution. The order shall also direct the parties to simultaneously submit, within ten (10) days from the receipt of said order, their respective position papers which shall be limited to a discussion of the issues as defined in the order.
Sec. 7. Hearing. After the submission by the parties of their position papers, the hearing panel or hearing officer shall determine whether or not there is a need for a hearing for the purpose of cross- examination of the affiant(s). If the hearing panel or hearing officer finds no necessity for conducting a hearing, he shall issue an order to the effect.
RULE V – PROHIBITED MOTIONS
Sec. 1. Prohibited Motions. No motion to dismiss or quash, motion for bill of particulars and such other dilatory motions shall be allowed in the cases covered by these rules.
RULE VI – RESOLUTION OF THE CASE
Sec. 1. Contents and period for submission of report. Within sixty (60) days after the hearing panel or hearing officer has issued an order declaring that the case is submitted for resolution, a report shall be submitted to the Monetary Board. The report of the hearing panel or hearing officer shall contain clearly and distinctly the findings of facts and conclusions of law on which it is based.
Sec. 2. Rendition and notice of resolution. After consideration of the report, the Monetary Board shall act thereon and cause true copies of its resolution to be served upon the parties.
Sec. 3. Finality of the resolution. The resolution of the Monetary Board shall become final after the expiration of fifteen (15) days from receipt thereof by the parties, unless a motion for reconsideration shall have been timely filed.
Sec. 4. Motion for reconsideration. A motion for reconsideration may only be entertained if filed within fifteen (15) days from receipt of the resolution by the parties. No second motion for reconsideration shall be allowed.
RULE VII – APPEAL
Sec. 1. Appeal. An appeal from the Resolution of the Monetary Board may be taken to the Court of Appeals within the period and in the manner provided under Rule 43 of the Revised Rules of Court.
RULE VIII – EXECUTION OF RESOLUTION
Sec. 1. Resolution becoming executor. The resolution of the Monetary Board shall become executory upon the lapse of fifteen (15) days from receipt thereof by the parties or from the receipt of the denial of the motion for reconsideration.
Sec. 2. Effect of appeal. The appeal shall not stay the resolution sought to be reviewed unless the Court of Appeals shall direct otherwise upon such terms as it may deem just.
Sec. 3. Enforcement of resolution. When the resolution orders the imposition of fines, suspension or removal from office of respondent, the enforcement thereof shall be referred to the appropriate department of the Bangko Sentral.
RULE IX – MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Sec. 1. Repeal. All existing rules, regulations, orders or circulars or any part thereof inconsistent with these rules are hereby repealed, amended or modified accordingly.
Sec. 2. Separability Clause. If any part of these rules is declared unconstitutional or illegal, the other parts or provisions shall remain valid.